Ephesus, a city of antiquity

7 March, 2013 1 Comment

Ephesus Theatre

Ephesus was a city of Ancient Greece and later was a city of Ancient Rome. Today is part of the province of Izmir, Turkey.

The Roman period was the greatest splendour to this ancient city. Most of the impressive ruins that today we can visit and admire are from the Roman era.

A large part of what today we can visit in Ephesus was discovered in the excavations carried out by english archaeologists during the nineteenth century. Unfortunately many of the objects found went to the British Museum in London.

  • What are you going to see in Ephesus?

– Pritaneo.

This building was built in the third century B.C. , although its current appearance dates back to the III century B.C. . Here are the columns of Artemis, where the sacred fire burned in the city. In the Pritaneo you can visit the rooms where the senators met.

– Curetes Street.

Curetes Street was one of the main streets of Ephesus. The Curetes were priests in charge of feeding the fire of the building of the Pritaneo. This street goes from the Hercules Gate till to the Celsus Library.

– Celsus library.

Celsus library

This library was built in the century II A.D. and is one of the most photographed places in Ephesus. This building was born as a project of a Roman consul to honour the memory of his father. Currently it is in very good condition.

– Odeon.

Administrators and senators of the city met at the Odeon. It was built in the II century, has the shape of an amphitheatre and its capacity is 1,500 people. Here were also held various types of performances. Although is not preserved in good condition,its greatness can still be seen.

– Ephesus Theater.

In Ephesus is the largest amphitheatre in Anatolia. It was built between the centuries III AC and II DC and is situated at the end of the Marble Road. This amphitheatre had a capacity of 25,000 people. In this place St Paul preached during his visits to the city.

– Temple of Artemis.

It is one of the “Seven Wonders of the Ancient World“. Unfortunately in the IV century a fire destroyed it completely. Today only the ruins remain. It was one of the main religious centres, political and economic dimensions of the city for more than a thousand years

– House of the Virgin Mary.

House Of Virgin Mary

In Ephesus you can also visit a church that was built on the ruins of the house of the Virgin Mary, in which she lived with the apostle St. John the Evangelist. In this place Mary spent her last days.

Photo Source: Lyng883

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