Wallachia, journey through the history of Romania

20 February, 2013 0 Comments

Wallachia

Wallachia is a historical region of Romania that is located in the southern part of the country. It is situated in a mountainous area in the south of the Carpathian Mountains and is bordered by the Danube river. This region is divided into two subregions that are separated by the Olt river: Oltenia (Lesser Wallachia) on the western side and Muntenia (Greater Wallachia) on the eastern side.

The capital of this region has changed over the course of time: Curtea de Argeş, Târgovişte and Bucharest, that it was the last capital of the principality.

This city was founded by Basarab I in the fourteenth century, although its origins can be traced back further back in time, until the middle of the thirteenth century, but in those times it was linked with the king of Hungary. In 1330 King Charles I of Hungary was defeated by the forces of Basarab. Then the independent principality of Wallachia was born with Prince Basarab I to the head.

In 1415, Walachia accepted the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire and its sovereignty remained until the 19th century. In 1859, Walachia and the principality of Moldova joined together to form the state of Romania.

If you visit Wallachia and you are interested in the architecture, you have to know that the Brâncovenesc style was born here. The most famous of the buildings in this style of Wallachia is the Horezu monastery, which is considered by UNESCO as World Cultural Heritage since 1993.

Horezu

Horezu Monastery

The Horezu Monastery was founded by Prince Constantin Brancoveanu in 1690 and it is situated near of the Mountains Capatanii.

A curiosity for lovers of vampire tales … Vlad the Impaler, better known as Dracula, ruled the region for several years and is buried in this region.

Photo 1 source: alte-landkarten.de
Photo 2 source: TouLouse

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