Australian states, a warm walk

9 October, 2012 0 Comments

Australian Landscape

With approximately 7. 700.000 square kilometers in area, Australia is the world’s largest island, and comprises a wide variety of biogeographic regions, ranging from extensive desert landscapes rough and rocky, until the most paradisiacal coastal scenery, passing through areas of splendid mountains and thick forests. Close to 2,000 National Parks and Natural Reserves await us there.

Politically speaking, Australia is territorially divided in six States, and each one of them has its own characteristics.

– New South Wales –

This Australian state is located to the southeast of the country, and it is the oldest and most populous state. Its capital is the most touristic city of Australia, Sydney.

Much of its inhabitants are located on the coastal strip of the Pacific Ocean, where the climate is hot during much of the year.

The inner part of the state the climate is much more mild, almost subtropical, and the mountain landscapes are the protagonists, with a large number of peaks that are over a thousand meters of altitude, the highest being Mount Kosciuszko, with 2,229 meters. It also highlights extensive plains devoted to agriculture.

Toward the northwest corner there are arid territories almost uninhabitable.

– Queensland –

Next to New South Wales, Queensland has the most attractive beaches of Australia and is the gateway to enjoy the great Barrier Reef. Located in the northeast part of the country, its main city is Brisbane, surrounded by spectacular landscapes, where the sun shines almost always. In fact, Queensland is known as the “Sunshine State”.

In the interior of this state is a great mountain chain that is accompanied by high plateaus and also of fertile plains used for agricultural purposes that extend toward the west.

But in Queensland there are also extensive arid territories, as is its north end, in Gulf country and in the Cape York Peninsula, where there are large empty regions cropped by countless dry river beds, which can be converted into large rivers flow in the rainy season.

– Victoria –

Victoria is the smallest state in the continental zone and is located in southern New South Wales, occupying the coastal strip adjacent to the Bass Strait, facing the island of Tasmania.

Its main city is Melbourne, one of the most important touristic sites Australians. The state of Victoria covers a wide variety of climates, from the temperate and humid climate of Gippsland to the Alps of Victoria, where the peaks up to 2000 meters of altitude tend to be capped.

It is a territory that is also characterized by hosting numerous rivers, being the Murray River the most important of all.

– South Australia and Northern Territory –

These vast territories are the least populated Australia, since they are dominated almost in its entirety by the so-called Australian Outback, area of large deserts far from major urban centers.

The scarce fertile land are used for cattle and sheep. However, adventure tourism has great reception in this area and has become one of the main engines of its economy.

– Western Australia –

This is the most extensive of the Australian states, but also one of the less inhabited, since a large part of the population is located in the coastal city of Perth. The climate of the territory closest to the coast is relatively temperate and forestry. A part of this state belongs to the Outback so its climate is warm and arid.

Photo Source: Flickr

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